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A Complete Guide On How To Write A Cause And Effect Essay -

How To Write A Cause And Effect Essay?

Everything happens for a reason.” Don’t you agree? From celestial events like the birth of a new star to making a mistake while solving your math homework – there is a reason behind all these things. Surely, there are things that are beyond our comprehension, but if you exclude them, there is a clear set of cause and effect of every event that takes place.

When you write a cause and effect essay, you need to identify these causes and/or effects of a particular event and draft the content accordingly. While it may sound like an easy task to deal with, it actually is not. But don't worry. This blog will help you understand the crucial aspects of cause and effect essay while suggesting how you can prepare a better one for yourself.

What is a Cause and Effect Essay?

A cause and effect essay is a piece of content where the writer needs to make a claim regarding a cause that has a certain impact, outcome or effect which can further be traced back to the initial action. This type of essay displays how the cause leads to the effect and supports the claim with proper evidence.

You can also write a cause and effect essay by picking a certain event such as the atomic bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and then identify what caused it and what were its effects. In a cause and effect essay, you need to deal with a handful of actions and reactions and try to make sense of them.

Just establish a logical explanation for how these actions and reactions fit together, and you have a decent cause and effect essay ready.

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The Basic of Cause and Effect Essay Outline

Preparing a cause and effect essay will become a lot easier if you know how to structure the essay. To make it easier for you, we have broken down the complete structure of a cause and effect essay in several segments:


1. Hook:

  • A surprising fact or anecdote that can instantly grab the reader's attention
  • A small piece of information or statistics that relate to the main idea of the essay

2. Background information:

  • Fills the blanks for your reader
  • Offers context for the subject

 3. Thesis:

  • The main idea of the essay
  • Describe in one sentence how your essay will explain the cause and/or effect of the chosen subject


1. 1st supporting paragraph:

  • Evaluate the cause(s)
  • Perform in-text citations as reference points to support your claims
  • Explain how the idea discussed in this paragraph connects with your main idea
  • Close the paragraph by transitioning to the next idea in the next paragraph
2. 2nd supporting paragraph:
  • Evaluate the cause(s)
  • Perform in-text citations as reference points to support your claims
  • Explain how the idea discussed in this paragraph connects with your main idea
  • Close the paragraph by transitioning to the next idea in the next paragraph
3. 3rd supporting paragraph:
  • Evaluate cause(s) and effect(s) together, demonstrating the logical progression between two.
  • Explain how the subject needs to be understood in the discussed way, and how this finding can help in the study.


  • Run through the main points of the essay again
  • Re-state the main idea

Steps to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

Now that you have a better understanding of the structure of a cause and effect essay, you can easily learn how to write a cause and effect essay on your own.

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Step 1: Pick a great cause and effect essay topic:

While working on a cause and effect essay, you should always try to choose a solid history topic for it. Or you can choose a topic that is the centre of the string of events. Experts suggest that wars are generally good topics for a cause and effect essay since they have layers of causes and effects.

Also, you can consider the topics that have a bunch of events related to them. Social movements are often considered good topics for cause and effect essays. Civil rights movements, movements for women empowerment – these are great subjects for a five paragraph long cause and effect essay.

Step 2: Start the research:

When you have found a perfect topic for your cause and effect essay, it is wiser to start the research work as soon as possible. That way, you will be able to cover more grounds. You can refer to Wikipedia to gain a basic knowledge of the topic. However, it’s not a great source of reliable information.

You should always rely on the following sources of information for the necessary research material on the chosen topic:

  • books
  • websites
  • journals
  • films
  • archives
  • scholarly articles

Try to gather information from different reliable sources. This makes your essay look more authoritative than those based on the information from a single source. It is always recommended to ask a question about the topic and answer them on your own. The more question you ask, the better your research work will get.

Create notes while conducting the research and jot down everything that seems relevant to the topic. You can then sit with the notes and connect the dots to find the answers to your questions.

Step 3: Write as it comes to you:

Don’t wait for the research work to conclude for beginning the drafting of the essay. Start writing as you perform the research work. This practice allows you to put together the ideas and process all the information that you are finding with the research work. You don’t have to worry about the quality of the essay in the beginning.

Keep on gathering information and draft them as they come to you. Don’t panic if you discover a crucial piece of information later on. You can always go back to the beginning and revise the content. In fact, the more you revise the content, the better it gets in terms of quality.

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Step 4: Prepare the outline:

It may seem odd to write the content first and then create the outline. However, it is actually a helpful exercise that lets you take what you already have and then organise it effectively. The initial writing is nothing but a rough draft. And the outline will help you organise it. This can be a great way to get acquainted with the subject.

The more you unwind your research work and answer the questions, you can think about how you can introduce the topic in the best way possible. You can come up with a hook and make sure that it is surprising enough to attract the interest of your readers right at the beginning of the content.

You can also start with a trivia that is related to the thesis of the essay paper.  You can use a hook to start off the outline and then go on to identify the thesis. After that, you should sketch in which direction the body should move. Outline how the supporting pieces of evidence prove your thesis.

Now, create the outline for the conclusion and describe briefly how your essay proves your point. This complete outline can guide the whole process as a road map. So, you can go back to the content and make changes in the rough draft. This can also help you prepare more refined content.

Step 5: Write another draft by following the latest outline:

If the rough draft work seems to work, you should make the necessary tuning and present your essay. However, it is recommended to go back to the draft after composing the content and conduct proper proofreading of the content. Make sure the content is appropriate, consistent, and error-free. Make sure the transition words are placed in the right place.

And that is it. Your cause and effect essay paper is ready. Keep reading the next section for scoring cause and effect essay topics.

30 Cause and Effect Essay Topics

If you cannot think of a proper topic idea for the cause and effect essay, we have a few suggestions you can work on. Pick a topic from the list of topics listed below and score the best grades this semester.

  1. What causes eating disorders?
  2. Does what we eat cause us to have better or worse mental health?
  3. What is causing the rise of non-drug treatment for pain?
  4. What causes divorce?
  5. How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children?
  6. Why do people find ASMR (autonomous sensory meridian response) YouTube videos comforting?
  7. What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the age of the child make a difference?
  8. What is the effect of long distance on relationships?
  9. What is causing the growing demand for sports psychologists?
  10. How does living together before being married affect a relationship?
  11. Why are more children poor than any other group?
  12. What causes poverty in the U.S.?
  13. Does using technology like iPads or smart boards in classrooms help students to learn better?
  14. What causes homelessness?
  15. What causes the increasing number of Autistic Spectrum Disorder among children?
  16. What causes families to buy unlimited cell phone plans?
  17. What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years?
  18. What will be the effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system?
  19. What effect does the lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health?
  20. What causes students to think school is boring?
  21. What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems?
  22. What are the effects of growing up in poverty?
  23. Does online shopping cause people to spend more money?
  24. What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children?
  25. What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers?
  26. What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers?
  27. What effect does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people?
  28. How does standardised testing affect student dropout rates?
  29. What effect does being labelled "gifted and talented" have on students?
  30. What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or "ADHD" have on a child?
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