“Saving the best for last” is one of the tricks that showmen like magicians and gymnasts love to practice all the time. Even though the definition of work is entirely different for students, they both need to be very particular about the last segment of their work. For a showman, it is the closing act. For a student who is working on an essay or research paper, it’s the bibliography. While most students are aware of what a bibliography is, there’s another type called annotated bibliography which is slightly different than regular bibliographies you have drafted till date. If you don’t know how to write an annotated bibliography, don’t stress. This blog gives you a complete tour of the essential aspects of annotated bibliography. Thus, if you need to write an annotated bibliography for the first time, you can treat this blog as a comprehensive guide for the task.
An annotated bibliography is the list of references or citation of books, articles, journals or papers. Every referencing of annotated bibliography is followed by a small description and analysis, the annotation. It informs the readers of the accuracy and relevance of every reference.
You begin by writing the citation followed by the annotation. Although below, we have shared an annotation sample along with the vital parts of an annotated bibliography, make sure you follow the citation instructions of your faculty members.
Key elements are:
In the sample below, each element has a number according to the key figures:
If you are new writing an annotated bibliography, you may wonder how to structure an annotated bibliography and write a conclusion. An annotated bibliography follows the general rules of academic writing. The structure generally depends on the requirements of the lecturers. However, your paragraphs must be of the following order:
Remember these pointers about the layout while formatting your annotated bibliography.
Generally the 4W rule is helpful in writing a summary in Annotated bibliography.
1. Generally the annotated bibliography has 1-inch margin from each side of the bibliography page.
The reference should be noted down in the desired format be it MLA, APA, Chicago or Harvard Referencing. Below it should be the descriptive summary.
What should the descriptive evaluation summary below each reference contain?
What is the source of text?
What was the research afforded on the same?
What are the conclusions and findings of the research?
How it is relevant to the topic and justifying your view?
For writing the annotated bibliography for a research paper, you need to collect these information.
Related: 5 Types of Research Papers: A Detailed Overview
After having collected the information, you need to cite it in the required format.
Follow the same rule of annotated bibliography formatting of citations and writing the descriptive summary.
Related: 100+ Essay Topics That Will Shoot Up Your Grades Through The Roof
Sample – Highlight for Annotation
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#1. What is annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography refers to a list of citations to information sources, such as books, articles, journals, etc. Each citation in the bibliography is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph, which is referred to as annotation. This annotation helps inform the readers about the relevance, accuracy and quality of the source cited.
#2. Does an annotated bibliography need a title?
You can give the annotated bibliography a title that refers to a common topic all the sources share. However, you do not need to label the section “Annotated Bibliography” since the structure of the page makes it quite evident for the readers to identify it as an annotated bibliography.
#3. Is an annotated bibliography an essay?
No. An annotated bibliography is a list of references that can be used as a part of an essay. But the bibliography itself is not an essay.
#4. Does an annotated bibliography need an introduction?
The introduction to an annotated bibliography is generally short in length (not more than a couple of paragraphs). The purpose of the introduction is to identify the topic that is being researched.
#5. How to write an annotated bibliography step by step?
You can write an annotated bibliography is three simple steps:
#6. How long should an annotated bibliography be?
The average entry in an annotated bibliography consists of roughly around 150 words. While the annotations can be as short as one sentence each, the work’s citation information is followed by a brief paragraph which takes three to six sentences per entry.
#7. How many sources should an annotated bibliography have?
It is recommended to compile an annotated bibliography with 15 to 20 entries while drafting a research project. Each entry in the bibliography must contain a citation and a brief summary of the cited material.
#8. What are the key features of an annotated bibliography?
While writing an annotated bibliography, focus on these following elements:
#9. How do you write an annotated summary?
The annotated summary of the source cited in an annotated bibliography explains the main idea of the material. The summary needs to be objective. Moreover, it should tell the readers what the source is about in three to six sentences.
#10. How to write an annotated bibliography in MLA?
Here’s how you can write an annotated bibliography in MLA:
#11. How do you write an annotated bibliography in APA?
Follow these steps to write an annotated bibliography in APA style:
#12. What is an annotated bibliography APA example?
An APA-style annotated bibliography is almost the same as regular APA style bibliography. The difference is that here you get a summary paragraph with every citation entry. Check out the link given below to find an example.
#13. How to write an annotated bibliography Harvard?
The easiest way to write an annotated bibliography in Harvard style is:
#14. What is an annotated bibliography Chicago style?
To prepare an annotated bibliography in Chicago style, stick to these following steps:
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