Many readers who are unable to access the full text of the research paper document view the abstract only. Thus, you need to know how to write an abstract in order to cover all the important aspects of the research paper. In this blog, you will get to know how to present a good abstract, and you will also get to see a lot of abstract examples. It will aid you in your endeavor to submit an authentic paper.
What is an Abstract in a Paper?
If you check the Internet carefully, you will see that the student forums are filled with questions like what is an abstract in a paper. Or, you will see 'how to write a paper' or 'when we should write an abstract.'
Simply put, an abstract is a short summary of a research paper or dissertation. It precisely reports your research aims and outcomes so that readers know exactly what the paper is about. It consists of various subsections written concisely within a paragraph.
Usually, one gets to know the main topic, the issues, existing study, structure of the paper, and the main finding.
What to Include in an Abstract?
If you are wondering what should an abstract include, then you are in the right place. Usually, an abstract summarizes the entire paper in 300 words. And it consists of the following aspects:
- The overall purpose of the study and the research problems that you figured out
- The basic layout of the study
- Major discovery or trends found as a result of the analysis
- A brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions
Now that you know what to include in an abstract, it would be easier for you to know how to write an abstract. So, let us proceed to the next section.
How to Write an Authentic Abstract for a Research Paper?
Next, you should focus on how to write a good abstract in order to grab the attention of the teachers. Hence, you should:
- Write Research Paper First
It is a good practice to write the abstract of a paper once you have completed writing the entire paper. This is because, by that time, you will know all the important aspects of the paper. If you are unable to figure out where to start, consider poring through your paper and highlighting the most important sentences in each section. This would include an introduction, methods, results, discussions.
This would help you create an outline for your abstract. However, it is imperative that you also stick to the guideline provided by your university. When you abide by these norms, it helps you write the research paper abstract.
- Include Introductory Background
The first section of the abstract helps you build the impression. The first 1 to 3 sentences should highlight the reason why you have undertaken the research. The first line should introduce the main topic, and the next line should specify the issues.
The following sentences might highlight the existing study and the information that is lacking in the field.
- Describe the Methodology
Although the scope is limited, the method section of the paper abstract gives you an opportunity to state the design of the study. You should briefly specify the key techniques used. For instance, therapeutic abstracts should highlight sample size, dosages, patient groups, etc. For ecology papers, the location of the study is the most important information.
Similarly, in a biology paper, you have to state the organism, cell line, and the population studied. Wrap up the methodology section in a line or two.
- Mention the Most Important Finding
Next, you have to mention the most important finding of the research paper in the abstract. The main reason people are read the abstract of a paper is to learn about your findings. Hence, the results subsection should be a significant part of your abstract, and you should try to maximize the amount of detail you include here.
Once, you complete writing this part; you should conclude the abstract appropriately. The final sentences of the abstract should be devoted to the overall key message of your study.
Abstract writing takes practice. Only if you keep it, you will understand how to write an abstract for a research paper.
Mistakes to Avoid While Writing an Abstract
Students, who are new to research paper writing, are sure to commit mistakes while writing an abstract, if they are not well-informed. Hence, you should refrain from writing:
- Lengthy background information
- Routine laboratory procedures
- Software used and statistical methods
- Abbreviations and acronyms
- Interpretations and results
Initially, you might face trouble when you write the abstracts or, for that matter, the entire research paper. But you should have patience. In the meantime, if you have an urgent submission, you can seek essay research paper assistance or assessment help.
Now that you know what you must not write in the abstract, it is time to take a look at the examples of abstracts.
Abstract Examples that You Should Refer to
Unless you read examples, you will never know how to write an abstract in a research paper. So, let us have a look at it.
Example 1: TOPIC: Machine Learning and the Physical Sciences
Example 2: TOPIC: Review of Particle Physics
Example 3: TOPIC: Alternative History Selection for Conversational Question Answering
Example 4: TOPIC: Geology and Eruptive History of Bogoslof Volcano
If you want to read more abstract examples, you should go through several dissertations, research papers, and thesis. And the best place to find them all is Google Scholar and the university library.
So, if you want to get good at abstract writing, you should keep practicing. And if you need any help, you can hire professional essay writers.
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