Research interest on physical activity and health can be traced back to the 1950s, whereby the health benefits of physical activity largely took place during 1980s and 1990s. There is significant amount of evidence that playing sports and other physical activities is an important part of a healthy lifestyle (Reiner et al., 2013). Some of the positive effects of engaging in physical activity are prevention of several diseases like diabetes, depression and obesity. The report throws light on two such physical activities, which may be taken up as a hobby or as a sport.
The activities are badminton and dance. Badminton is a physical sport game played with a shuttlecock and a racquet. It is a multi player game with its popularity around the globe. Whereas, dance dates back to a number of centuries back where dance was considered a means of communicating folklores and other benefits (Hallal et al., 2012). This report throws light on the overview, origin and history of the chosen physical game and hobby. The present participation trends and future trends of the game have also been provided. The report also tends to give recommendations regarding the funding of both the games.
Badminton can be described as a racquet sport, which is usually played using racquets. The racquet is used to hit the shuttlecock across the net. There are two sides to the specific game however each side can strike the shuttle cocks only once before it passes over the given net. The game between the two players ends when the shuttlecock hits the floor or when any other fault has been declared by the umpire or the service judge. Thee points in the game are scored when the shuttlecock struck by one player`s racquet hits the opposite person’s half side of the court.
Although it is a multi-player game, the game is generally played in the given forms:
The game is usually played outside as a casual outdoor activity or an activity in a yard or in the beach. However, when the game played formally is played in a rectangular indoor court. The shuttlecock, which is passed, is made of features or a plastic projectile. This shuttle flies differently from other balls used in various sports. Shuttlecocks have a higher speed than other balls in other sports like tennis.
The game is said to be developed in the British India coming out from the battledore and shuttlecock. The game is extremely popular in Asia with recent competition from China. The badminton is a Summer Olympic sports and is conducted in the form of five events which are women and men`s singles, women and men doubles and mixed doubles (Di et al., 2012).
The player in the game should be having aerobic stamina, strength, speed, precision and agility. The game is also considered a technical sport and therefore it requires adequate motor skills and development of the racquet movements.
Similar games like badminton have been played since many years across the European as well as Asian continents. However, the modern game, which is played presently, has its origin in the 19th century and was played in Britain as a form of the game, which was played earlier, the battledore and shuttlecock, game. Its exact origin dates remain unknown. In 1860, a London Toy dealer of the name Isaac Spratt published a book named Badminton Battledore of which no copies have been found (Deka et al., 2017).
It is believed that the game has been developed among the expat officers during their time in British India. The game was extremely popular in the 1870s. In the earlier period of 1850s, the game was played with a woolen ball. Previously, the game was also known as Poonah after the town of Pune where it was extremely popular. This is the place where the first rules of the game were drawn and the officers had started a badminton club.
Earlier, the sport was played between four players also but it was established quickly that it is a 2-person game or four-person game at the most. The game was played under the rules in Pune up to 1887 however; Hart of the Bath Badminton Club revised these rules and then the Badminton Association of England, published and launched these rules thereby starting the first badminton competition named All England Open Badminton mixed doubles (MacVicar, 2015). The association governs the international badminton. Various nations like China, Denmark, Indonesia, Australia and Korea have produced various internationally acclaimed players.
The Badminton World Federation (BWF) is an internationally acclaimed governing body of sport, which is responsible for conducting the tournaments and for the fair play aspect. The various confederations are:
The federation organizes various competitions all around the globe, including the Thomas Cup and the Uber cup. This completion takes place every two years. The Sudirman Cup is a mixed game also held once every two years.
It is often believed that there are no costs associated with the game except that of the equipment but it is not so. The following costs can be incurred in the given sport:
It has been observed that the participation trend of the given game has been changing around the globe (Refer to Figure 1 in the Appendix). Earlier, only people in the Asian countries and in Europe used to play the given game; however, these days’ people from all around the globe have been playing the particular game. The rules of the game have been changing considerably along with the period such as the resting time between various points smashing rules and others (Ramchandani & Wilson, 2014). However, these changes have not had any effect on the given participation and they have only increased. This shows that the players have become more explosive, tactical and accurate.
Badminton has been existent in the country since the 1900s; the game is relatively popular in the Victoria region. The badminton association was formed in 1932 and with this; the nation became the 11th member of the international federation. The country is yet to become a competitive name in the field of badminton (Dube, Mungal & Kulkarni, 2015). However, some players present in the country have reached great heights in the field of badminton. The trend for the Australians has not been well in the international games however, the country had performed well in the 2012 London Olympics.
According to the Badminton World Federation, the future of badminton will be extremely interesting. The federation plans to make the game exciting as well as innovative and they plan to make the game a beach sport and launch the game in the e-gaming platform. The decision made looks extremely interesting and this has led to an increase in the investment attractiveness. Various stakeholders will be propelled to invest in the given game (El-Gizawy & Akl, 2014).
The world governing body of the game has planned to collaborate with some beach tournament federations where the trials of collaborating this game with other beach games will be tested and played later. These games will be played in both Asian Beach Games and Russian National Beach Games. This move will definitely help in reviving the genre of the game (Jaworski & Zak, 2016). Those playing the particular game also like to play the game outside therefore, the fans will be happy.
Various technical aspects would need to be reconsidered but the future lies in the game being played outdoors.
It can be observed from the given table that the participation trend in the given game has not been extremely high. The game as stated previously achieves huge funding in countries like China whereas in Australia the funding received is extremely low. (Refer to Appendix 1).
The given table shows how the participation has increased though not at the desired rate.
The future of Badminton is considered extremely exciting and as the federation has been planning to take the game outdoors, the revival of the particular genre of the game will be extremely helpful in making the investment a wise one. The investors of the game can be someone who is extremely enthusiastic about the game and understands positive impact of the game. The badminton has been changed because the dynamics of the world has been changing and the game cannot rely on government funding anymore.
Hence, the following can be used to promote the game:
In 2016, the Australian government funded 797000$ towards badminton and the results can be seen as the Australians are slowly progressing towards achieving high ranks in sports. Whereas the Chinese, provided funds 10 times more than the Australian government to its nationals which then leads to higher results. Hence, this could be stated that higher funding lead to better results which can then lead to higher rankings in the game worldwide. According to Majeed (2016), accountability models have been introduced to improve rankings in the game.
Dance can be referred to as a performing art form, which comprises of selected sequences of human body movement. Dance can be considered as an art or a hobby, which can be taken by an individual to keep fit or to pass time. The movement, which had been referred to can also hold an aesthetic or symbolic value. Dancing can also be categorized by the form of its choreography or also by its place of origin (Le Guin, 2017). Various dance forms may also include human movements like gymnastics, cheerleading, figure skating and other forms of athletics.
Early evidences suggest that dance is one of the oldest heritages of various continents and countries. Various paintings and statues have been found in the various parts of the world like in India in the Bhibetka caves, in Egypt in various inscriptions (Vanhees et al., 2012). It has been studied that before the written languages were invented, dance was the major medium of communication and method of passing down the stories from one generation to the other. Dance is believed to have healing rituals and this factor of it was considered one of the causes of the social development of the dance forms.
Various references to dance can be traced back to early history. Various records have been found in early history, and have been referred in books by Plato, Lucian and Aristotle. Various artifacts in the Chinese, Neolithic and other periods have also referred to the dance as a part of their culture (Fernández-Argüelles et al., 2015).
There are various kinds of dance forms in the globe. Some of the popular dance forms are American Rhythm, Cha Cha, Rumba, Ballet, Free style, Hip-hop, Contemporary, Classical, Latin and so on (Schürch & Grüter, 2014).
Various contemporary dance forms can be traced back to historical and ethnic dance forms.
Dance is generally performed along with music. Some dance forms tend to provide their own music such as tap dance. Various forms of music and dance were created with one another. These dance forms include jig, waltz, tango and salsa.
The concert dance narrates to a large-scale form, which follows a narrative dramatic structure. The choreography, which is formed, is generally done to mime the personality of the character in the given plot. Such an act requires free movements than non-narrative dance styles. Other dance forms such as the ballet allow rhythm in the dance (Noice, Noice & Kramer, 2013). Japanese dance forms as if Noh and Kabuki are Indian dance-drama, which involves stage properties, multiple characters and acrobatics.
Very often dances are also intended for social functions. They may also be performed for just mere participation rather than for an audience.
There are various dance competitions held around the globe. In the dance competition, various contestants tend to participate and perform before the judges for awards or in return for some cash prize. There are various kinds of dance competitions held all around the globe
The benefits of dance as a hobby have been provided below:
It is often believed that there are no costs associated with the hobby but it is not so. The following costs are incurred: Monetary costs:
The increasing popularity of dance as a fitness hobby as well as a social acclaim mechanism has increased the popularity of the hobby worldwide as well as in Australia. These days’ small children from the age of two are given training in dancing and are developed so that they become successful dancers. Various dance forms have been developed all around the globe, which have bought people closer and developed new dance trends (Hilton, 2012). These trends are dab, twerking, and Carlton dance and so on.
In Australia, the aborigines of the nation have developed various indigenous dance forms since a long time. The waves of Bondi and the Melbourne Shuffle have been famous dance trends of Australia. The Australian ballet is also a famous dance form, which was developed in the country in 1962 (Kurková & Jayne Maertin, 2014). There are various dance companies in Australia like the Australian Ballet, Queensland Ballet, West Australian Ballet, Chunky Move, Dance north, Sydney dance company and others (Refer to Figure 2 in the Appendix).
The future of dance lies in collaboration. There are various dance forms all around the globe, which need to collaborated with one another and a fusion, needs to be made (Volpe et al., 2013). This fusion helps in bringing various countries together and developing a new environment where culture, learning and music are fostered.
In general, the global popularity of dance forms have been increasing and the countries are hosting various dance competitions so as to promote the participation in the various dance forms.
The recommendations for the future funding of the sport have been given below:
Therefore, from the discussion it can be stated that a physical sport or a hobby is extremely important. The sport helps in maintaining the balances of the body. It helps the individual in staying healthy. Badminton was developed in the 19th century and has been developed every since. The sport is playing internationally and various academies have been set up to promote the game. In Australia, the game is extremely famous as well. The second part of the report is based on the hobby of dance. Dance has been developed since the early age where it was used as a medium of communication. Since then various forms of dance has been developed. Dance has various monetary as well as health benefits, which have been discussed in the given report. Hence, it is suggested that the state government as well as the central government promotes this game for the welfare of the people.
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